Garnets offer a variety of colors for every preference. When you look a little deeper into garnet’s many varieties you’ll discover every color of the rainbow except blue. The most common and well known color is a deep dark red. Rarer less abundant garnet colors include the green of summer grass, the gold of freshly harvested wheat, the orange of fiery hot steel, and the pink of a delicate rosebud. This broad range of color is due to the many species of garnet and their various combinations. This color palette ranges from warm to cool colors as well as subtle combinations of hues.
The color of royalty, amethyst holds a magical appeal that’s proven to be timeless and universal. Amethyst displays a majestic hue of purple, moving from very light to very dark. With purple being the chosen color of royalty, amethyst has enjoyed an unwavering popularity dating back thousands of years. The finest quality amethyst exhibits a high degree of transparency and a rich deep purple color enhanced by flashes of burgundy or rose. It is beautiful, durable and affordable. In addition to jewelry, amethyst is also used in its original host rock, called a "geode," as decor in homes and offices.
Aquamarine captures the beauty and splendors of the sea. The name "aquamarine" is derived from Latin meaning "water of the sea." This elegant gemstone is found in a range of blue shades, from the palest pastel to greenish-blue to a deep blue. The most desired color is a moderately strong, medium-dark blue to slightly greenish blue. Aquamarine rough is plentiful enough to allow multiple options for shapes and sizes. In addition to common shapes and sizes, aquamarines are also fashioned into fantasy cuts. These are artistic free-form gem cuts that aren't limited to specific proportions, which can include alternating curved and flat surfaces.
Unique in the world of gemstones, Diamond is the hardest of all substances. Perhaps it is because of this durability that diamond is treasured as a symbol of lasting devotion. Diamond is celebrated for the purity of its brilliance. This durable and unique gemstone may also be colored in a variety of hues either naturally or with treatments. With a high-temperature treatment some diamonds can become more colorless, or intensify the pink, blue, green, and yellow colors in this mysterious gemstone. What makes diamond unique above all other gemstones is its ability to reflect light back to the eye of the observer.
Emerald, with its rich green reflecting the colors of spring, has been treasured for thousands of years as an emblem of rebirth and enduring love. Emerald is translucent to transparent, it is generally thought of as green in color. But look closer and you’ll discover subtle but important differences in tones and hues. Some of the world’s finest emeralds are described as slightly bluish green in color and medium tone. Pure green emeralds are also highly desirable.
Careful consideration should be given when both wearing and cleaning emerald jewelry. The internal features found in most emeralds make them very susceptible to sharp blows and sudden temperature changes.
Pearls are treasures from the sea. Long known as the “Queen of Gems”, the pearl possesses a history and allure more compelling than any other gem. In fact, a beautifully matched strand of natural pearls is a treasure of incomparable value. Cultured Pearls are cultivated in both fresh and salt water. Cultured pearls come in many different shapes and colors. The most popular shapes have traditionally been round, colors ranging from white and cream to gray and black, as well as rich purples, gold’s and yellows.
Cultured pearls are softer than most gemstones but durable enough for everyday wear. Because oils, soaps and chemicals can damage the beautiful nacre, you should apply cosmetics, perfumes and hairsprays before putting on your pearls. Wipe your pearls with a dry, soft cloth after each wearing. Never clean your pearls with any harsh chemicals.
Alexandrite is a rare color-change gemstone. Although there are other gemstones that can display color-change, alexandrite typically shows the strongest and most distinguished change of color. The hues of alexandrite range from a very strong bluish-green through yellowish-green in fluorescent daylight, and orangey-red through purplish-red in incandescent light. This dramatic change in color has earned alexandrite the title of "emerald by day, ruby by night!" The finest quality alexandrite display a vivid grass green in fluorescent daylight, and an intense raspberry red in incandescent light. Due to this phenomenon, alexandrite gives the wearer the benefit of having two precious gemstones in one.
The rarest gemstone of all, Ruby is all about passion, penetrating the heart with color and fire like no other gemstone. Unmatched in legend and seldom rivaled in beauty, it combines the energy of light with the power of fire into a single breathtaking scarlet colored gem. Recognized as the world’s most valued gemstone for centuries, ruby holds the undisputed title as the “King of Gems." The most sought-after rubies are pure red or red with a very pinkish under-tone. Very fine quality rubies, especially in sizes over 3 carats, are incredibly rare and valuable-much rarer than top quality colorless diamonds.
Peridot has been adorned since ancient times, and it rivals the green of a new spring day. This electrifying gemstone is one of few that only comes in one color ranging from yellowish green to greenish yellow. The most valued color for peridot is a deeply saturated green to slightly yellowish green without any hint of brown. Some fine quality peridot have even been mistaken for emeralds. This rare and unique stone is found in volcanic rock or, in rare occasions, meteorites. Peridot found in meteorites make them extra unique due to their extraterrestrial origin and are desired by gem collectors.
The name "sapphire" comes from Latin and Greek meaning "blue" or "blue stone." For centuries sapphire has been considered the ultimate blue gemstone, becoming the standard which other blue gems are measured. This is what the majority of people recognize when it comes to sapphire, as the beautiful blue gemstone. The truth is sapphire comes in a variety of colors. Sapphire is available in every color of the rainbow, except red. When the mineral species that produces sapphire is the right saturation and hue of red it's called a ruby. Sapphires of every other color, except blue and red, are considered "fancy" colored sapphires.
Opals show an amazing array of fireworks and rainbows. This beautiful gemstone is unlike any other gemstone. Opal dazzles the eye with a spectral display of flashing and dancing colors that move and shift within the opal’s mysterious depths. There are many varieties of opal, most are cut into inlays or cabochons. One variety of opal that is faceted into various shapes is the transparent to translucent fire opal. This variety of opal most often comes from Mexico and is referred to as Mexican fire opal. Opal offers a wider variety of appearances and color choices than any other gem.
Tourmalines color range includes every color of the rainbow. Pick any color and you will find a beautiful tourmaline to match. Occurring in more colors and combinations of colors than any other gemstone, tourmaline offers both vibrancy and beauty. The Empress Dowager Tz'u Hsi, the last empress of China, valued pink tourmaline above every other gemstone. In addition to tourmalines incredible range of colors, individual crystals can vary in color along their length or width. Gems cut from these multi-colored crystals show two or more color combinations in one gemstone called a "bi-color" tourmaline!
Citrine is a gemstone that generates a feeling of warmth and often sparks an attitude of lightheartedness in the wearer. Citrine is the perfect complement to any jewelry wardrobe, blending especially in light shades of yellow. As the golden variety of the quartz family, citrine takes its name from citron, the French word for lemon. Many citrines have a juicy lemon color but range from the soft hues of golden champagne to the rich, deep color of a fine Madeira wine. Its broad range of colors and outstanding affordability make citrine one of the most popular and desirable gemstone in the world.
Topaz has the color of the sunset and of the sea. It is the enduring symbol of love and affection. The brilliant blue topaz is a shade found rarely in Nature, it also occurs in an array of colors from red, orange, peach, pink, gold and yellow. However when enhanced to the lovely blue color, it is in great demand due to its affordability and availability in a wide range of sizes and shapes. Rich reddish cognac colors to vivid pinks were used to adorn the jewelry of the 18th and 19th century Russian Czarinas, consequently earning the name "Imperial Topaz."
Zircon gives its wearer a brilliance and fire close to that of a diamond. Due to this close comparison, colorless zircon has been confused with diamond for centuries. Tiffany's famed gem buyer and gemologist proposed the name "starlite" due to zircons fiery nature. In addition to its remarkable brilliancy, zircon has a wide variety of color options including yellow, green, red, and blue hues. Although zircons come in a range of colors, blue zircon is most popular and used as a birthstone for December. Since blue zircon is rarely found in nature the majority of zircon is treated to produce its beautiful blue color.
Tanzanite is an exotic, vivid blue, gemstone kissed by hues of purple. As one of the newest gems to the gemstone kingdom, discovered in 1967, tanzanite was named in honor of the country, Tanzania, where it was discovered. Two years after discovery in 1969 it was introduced in the United States for the first time by Tiffany & Co. Available in colors ranging from blue to violet to purple, few gems can rival tanzanite’s depth of hues and purity of color. Tanzanite has the ability to exhibit more than one color, when viewed from different directions tanzanite can look blue, violet, purple, bronze or gray.
Turquoise is an opaque, light to dark blue or blue-green gem. The finest quality turquoise is an intense blue without any veins of the host rock, called matrix. Turquoise is an ornamental gemstone that, because of its low hardness, is often fashioned into cabochons or used as an inlay. Due to this, turquoise is also routinely treated to enhance durability and hardness. Turquoise, with its robin’s egg blue hue, is among the oldest known gemstones. It has graced the necks of Egyptian Pharaohs, including the iconic gold burial mask of Tutankhamun, and has adorned the ceremonial dress of early Native Americans.